Osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture due to a decrease in bone density.
The bones become fragile and can easily break at the slightest pressure.
In extreme cases, sneezing or slight bumps will cause a fracture.
The bones acquire a porous (sponge like) structure which is easily compressible.
This condition is characterized by too much bone loss or the formation of too little bone.
Normally bone density decreases with the increase in age. However, osteoporosis speeds up this process. Fractures take longer to heal in older people hence has a greater impact.
Women suffer from osteoporosis more than men and can develop at a younger age.
A person suffering from this condition will most likely acquire a stooped posture.
The disease often goes undetected until a broken bone is suffered. These fractures occur spontaneously without the affected person noticing. Hip, arm or leg bones are more likely to suffer a fracture while the spinal cord will collapse.
However, any of the other bones of the skeleton is at risk. Fractures limit mobility and increase the cost of taking care of the affected persons.
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Men undergo a slower deterioration in bone density than women.
This is due to the fact men bones are larger than women hence have more bone reserves to draw from.
Therefore, the condition will become noticeable when a fracture happens and usually very late in life.
The risk factors that put men at risk to this disease include advanced age, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, inactivity, a diet low in calcium, a deficiency in vitamin D, a family history of osteoporosis, low testosterone level and a continued use of steroids.
A professional diagnosis involves a measurement of the bone mineral density.
It is performed like an X-ray to measure the solidness and bone mass.
This test measures the minerals in the bone to estimate how severe the condition is.
The information acquired will help plan for the treatment of the disease.
It can also be used to check how well the patient is responding to the treatment being administered.
Men over the age of seventy years are usually recommended to take this test to provide an early detection and treatment of the condition.
Men who suffer from fractures at the age of fifty and above are also recommended for this test.
Preventive Measures to Take:
Preventative measures to ward off osteoporosis include bone- strengthening before the age of thirty years.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle inclusive of exercise and a diet rich in calcium will help fight off osteoporosis. Vitamin D deficiency leads to a decrease in absorption of dietary calcium in the body.
This decrease of calcium in the body will lead to bone resorption to meet this deficit.
The result will be a decrease in bone mass. Supplement your diet with these essential elements to build your bone mass.
Since this condition occurs in older men, it is important to avoid factors that can cause one to fall.
Regular exercise will increase stamina and boost self-confidence.
The Treatment of Ostereoperosis in Men
Treatment of osteoporosis involves the use of drugs to slow bone loss and accelerate the production of new bone tissue.
These drugs include bisphophonates. These drugs should only be taken following a doctor’s prescription.
Hormonal products can be recommended in low testosterone cases. Regular exercise, adequate levels of calcium and vitamin D are important in fighting osteoporosis hence should be maintained concurrently with the treatment.